Reforming Public Pensions Sharing the Experiences of Transition and OECD Countries

Reforming Public Pensions Sharing the Experiences of Transition and OECD Countries
Sharing the Experiences of Transition and OECD Countries

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2004-01-07
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9264105816
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This conference proceedings compares public pension reform efforts in Central and Eastern Europe with those in other OECD countries, looking at the reasons for reform, policy choices and constraints, the well-being of older people, distributional consequences of reform, and implementation.

Reforming Public Pensions

Reforming Public Pensions
Sharing the Experiences of Transition and OECD Countries

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 341
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reforming Pensions

Reforming Pensions
Principles and Policy Choices

by Nicholas Barr,Peter Diamond

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2009-11-30
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 0199889066
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mandatory pensions are a worldwide phenomenon. However, with fixed contribution rates, monthly benefits, and retirement ages, pension systems are not consistent with three long-run trends: declining mortality, declining fertility, and earlier retirement. Many systems need reform. This book gives an extensive nontechnical explanation of the economics of pension design. The theoretical arguments have three elements: * Pension systems have multiple objectives--consumption smoothing, insurance, poverty relief, and redistribution. Good policy needs to bear them all in mind. * Good analysis should be framed in a second-best context-- simple economic models are a bad guide to policy design in a world with imperfect information and decision-making, incomplete markets and taxation. * Any choice of pension system has risk-sharing and distributional consequences, which the book recognizes explicitly. Barr and Diamond's analysis includes labor markets, capital markets, risk sharing, and gender and family, with comparison of PAYG and funded systems, recognizing that the suitable level of funding differs by country. Alongside the economic principles of good design, policy must also take account of a country's capacity to implement the system. Thus the theoretical analysis is complemented by discussion of implementation, and of experiences, both good and bad, in many countries, with particular attention to Chile and China.

Knowledge Production in European Universities

Knowledge Production in European Universities
States, Markets, and Academic Entrepreneurialism

by Kwiek Marek

  • Publisher : Peter Lang
  • Release : 2012-11-23
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN : 3631624034
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book studies transformations of European universities in the context of globalization and Europeanization, the questioning of the foundations of the «Golden Age» of the Keynesian welfare state, public sector reforms, demographic changes, the massification and diversification of higher education, and the emergence of knowledge economies. Such phenomena as academic entrepreneurialism and diversified channels of knowledge exchange in European universities are linked to transformations of the state and changes in public sector services. The first, contextual part of the book studies the changing state/university relationships, and the second, empirically-informed part draws from several recent large-scale comparative European research projects.

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies
A Book

by Mr.Benedict J. Clements,Mr.David Coady,Frank Eich,Mr.Sanjeev Gupta,Mr.Alvar Kangur,Baoping Shang,Mauricio Soto

  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release : 2013-01-25
  • Pages : 86
  • ISBN : 1616354135
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population ages. In emerging market economies, the challenges are often different. Where pension coverage is extensive, the issues are similar to those in advanced economies. Where pension coverage is low, the key challenge will be to expand coverage in a fiscally sustainable manner. This volume examines the outlook for public pension spending over the coming decades and the options for reform in 52 advanced and emerging market economies.

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies
A Book

by International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release : 2011-12-28
  • Pages : 71
  • ISBN : 1498338054
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This paper reviews past trends in public pension spending and provides projections for 27 advanced and 25 emerging economies over 2011–2050. In constructing these projections, the paper incorporates the impact of recent pension reforms and highlights the key assumptions underlying these projections and associated risks. The paper also presents reform options to address future pension spending pressures in the advanced and emerging economies. These reforms—mainly increasing retirement ages, reducing replacement rates, or increasing payroll taxes—are discussed in the context of their role in fiscal consolidation, and their implications for both equity and economic growth. In addition, the paper examines the challenge of emerging economies of expanding coverage in a fiscally sustainable manner

Social Policy in Central and Eastern Europe

Social Policy in Central and Eastern Europe
The Emergence of a New European Welfare Regime

by Alfio Cerami

  • Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 9783825896997
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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By explaining the path of extrication from state socialism, this book clarifies the patterns of the welfare state's transformation in Central and Eastern Europe. It identifies the emergence of a peculiar Eastern European welfare regime through the fusionof pre-communist, communist and post-communist features.

The Politics of Pension Reform in Central and Eastern Europe

The Politics of Pension Reform in Central and Eastern Europe
A Book

by Oana I. Armeanu

  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2018-01-26
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 023031371X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Old-age Income Support in the 21st Century

Old-age Income Support in the 21st Century
An International Perspective on Pension Systems and Reform

by Robert Holzmann

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2005-01-01
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 082136040X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The past decade has brought an increasing recognition to the importance of pension systems to the economic stability of nations and the security of their aging populations. This report attempts to explain current policy thinking and update the World Bank's perspective on pension reform. This book incorporates lessons learned from recent Bank experiences and research that have significantly increased knowledge and insight regarding how best to proceed in the future. The book has a comprehensive introduction and two main parts. Part I presents the conceptual underpinnings for the Bank's thinking on pension systems and reforms, including structure of Bank lending in this area. Part II highlights key design and implementation issues where it signals areas of confidence and areas for further research and experience, and includes a section on regional reform experiences, including Latin American and Europe and Central Asia.

Pension Reform and the Development of Pension Systems

Pension Reform and the Development of Pension Systems
An Evaluation of World Bank Assistance

by Emily S. Andrews

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 143
  • ISBN : 0821365525
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Formal pension systems are an important means of reducing poverty among the aged. In recent years, however, pension reform has become a pressing matter, as demographic aging, poor administration, early retirement, and unaffordable benefits have strained pension balances and overall public finances. Pension systems have become a source of macroeconomic instability, a constraint to economic growth, and an ineffective and/or inequitable provider of retirement income."

Social Policy and International Interventions in South East Europe

Social Policy and International Interventions in South East Europe
A Book

by Bob Deacon,Paul Stubbs

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2007-01-01
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1847208606
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Social Policy and International Interventions in South East Europe proves a comprehensive, dense, and thought provoking read, particularly successful in framing both the historical and institutional contexts of the countries examined, as well as literary debates on the subject and is thus a precious resource. . . Irene Dioli, Journal of Southeastern Europe The questions broached by the volume are of interest to all who are concerned with development and politics. Experts will find the data and is presentation quite useful; others will benefit from the background information presented in each chapter. . . . Social Policy and International Interventions in South East Europe is an excellent addition to the academic literature and will serve all those who are trying to keep pace with fluid developments in the transitional states of south east Europe. Richard P. Farkas, Slavic Review This is a remarkably rich and thought-provoking collection. Its substantial case studies make it a vital resource for studying social policy in South East Europe. Its focus on the flows of international actors, agencies, ideas and resources poses critical questions about how the emergence of social policy, the emergence of new forms of governance and the creation of new spaces of welfare are connected. The implications of this concern with emergent forms and directions reach far beyond the region itself. John Clarke, The Open University, UK A brilliant book that shows conclusively that transnational actors have taken their place alongside states in setting social policy in Europe. Through careful and comprehensive case studies of a wide range of South East European countries, this volume systematically presents a wealth of new data on transnational actor interventions. It helps to shape an emerging debate on the relative power of transnational and domestic actors and makes a unique empirical contribution to the discussion. The authors have done an amazing job of coordinated digging and produced some impressive results. Mitchell Orenstein, Johns Hopkins University, US This comprehensive and engaging book investigates the role of international actors in the making of social policy in South East Europe. Introductory chapters on transnationalism and Europeanization are followed by a series of nine linked case studies depicting research undertaken within this region. The book charts the variable influence that international actors such as formal organizations, non-governmental organizations, consulting companies and individual transnational policy entrepreneurs have on key policy issues, including pensions, social protection, labour markets and health. The authors conclude that welfare settlements are a complex product of historical and institutional legacies, the neo-liberal interventions of the World Bank, the emerging impact of the EU, and the crowded international arena resulting from war and post-war reconstruction agendas. Written by leading researchers in the field, Social Policy and International Interventions in South East Europe will be of great interest to researchers and students of social policy, policy studies and regional studies, as well as policymakers within international and governmental organizations.

Facing the Future Korea's Family, Pension and Health Policy Challenges

Facing the Future Korea's Family, Pension and Health Policy Challenges
Korea's Family, Pension and Health Policy Challenges

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2007-02-27
  • Pages : 89
  • ISBN : 9264065407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Korea faces an extraordinary ageing challenge. Korea will age much faster than other OECD countries: in 2000, about 7% of Korea’s population were over 65; in 2050, senior citizens will constitute about 37% of Korea’s population. Population ageing ...

Working Beyond 60

Working Beyond 60
Key Policies and Practices in Europe

by G. Reday-Mulvey

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2005-02-21
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 0230504981
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While the question to why work beyond sixty has now become obvious, the how and for whom questions are the real topic of this new study by one of the best European specialists in the area. Work after sixty - if it is to be feasible and widespread - has to be on a part-time basis to meet the wishes and needs of workers and companies. This book provides an in-depth analysis of the growing importance of work beyond sixty and a comparative discussion of new policies in several EU Member States as well as of company practice.

Pensions in Europe, European Pensions

Pensions in Europe, European Pensions
The Evolution of Pension Policy at National and Supranational Level

by David Natali

  • Publisher : Peter Lang
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 9789052014609
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This title gives scholars, students and policy-makers a comprehensive description of national retirement programmes as well as theoretical analysis of the reform politics, output and outcomes with a focus on national and European dynamics.

Mainstreaming Ageing

Mainstreaming Ageing
Indicators to Monitor Sustainable Progress and Policies

by Asghar Zaidi

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-09-29
  • Pages : 864
  • ISBN : 1351920952
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA), adopted at the Second World Assembly on Ageing, is the first international agreement that specifically recognises the potential of older people to contribute to the development of their societies. In monitoring its implementation two key approaches are evident: a qualitative bottom-up participatory approach and an approach that uses quantitative indicators to monitor sustainable progress and policies. With the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, playing a pivotal role in the monitoring of the implementation process, one of its key tasks has been to develop a list of 'indicators of achievement'. This book contains extended and revised versions of policy briefs and background papers that support the implementation monitoring process. The analyses included in these chapters make concrete suggestions towards quantitative indicators, with the aim of assisting national governments in mainstreaming ageing in their policies. The contributors provide an overview of the current situation with respect to population ageing and its consequences and also provide projections for the future. The book also includes the final list of quantitative indicators that arose out of consultations with international experts, related to the four main topics addressed: demography, income and wealth, labour market participation, and social protection and financial sustainability.

Pension Reforms in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe

Pension Reforms in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe
From Post-Socialist Transition to the Global Financial Crisis

by Igor Guardiancich

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0415688981
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book traces and analyzes the legislation and implementation of pension reforms in four Central, Eastern and Southeastern European countries: Croatia, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia. By comparing the political economy of their policymaking processes, it seeks to pinpoint regularities between institutional settings, actor constellations, decision-making strategies and reform. Guardiancich employs a historical institutionalist framework to analyze the policies, actors and institutions that characterized the period between the collapse of socialism and the global financial crisis of 2008-2011. He argues that viable pension reforms should not be seen simply as an event, but rather as a continuing process that must be fiscally, socially and politically sustainable. In particular, the primary goal of a pension scheme is to reduce poverty, provide adequate retirement income and insure against the risks of old age within given fiscal constraints, and this will happen only if the scheme enjoys continuing political support at all levels. To this end the author individuates those institutional characteristics of countries that increase the consistency of reforms and lower the likelihood of policy reversals in time. Pension Reforms in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, political economy, social policy and economics.

The Political Economy of Reform Lessons from Pensions, Product Markets and Labour Markets in Ten OECD Countries

The Political Economy of Reform Lessons from Pensions, Product Markets and Labour Markets in Ten OECD Countries
Lessons from Pensions, Product Markets and Labour Markets in Ten OECD Countries

by Tompson William

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2009-08-24
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN : 9264073116
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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By looking at 20 reform efforts in ten OECD countries, this report examines why some reforms are implemented and other languish.

Nonfinancial Defined Contribution Pension Schemes in a Changing Pension World

Nonfinancial Defined Contribution Pension Schemes in a Changing Pension World
Volume 1, Progress, Lessons, and Implementation

by Robert Holzmann,Edward Palmer,David Robalino

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2012-06-21
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 0821388525
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pensions are under scrutiny worldwide in view of increasing life expectancy and adverse demographics. This volume offers an overview of unfunded individual accounts introduced in the mid-1990s in Italy, Latvia, Poland and Sweden in order to assure a successful adulthood and an even better start for the off-springs.

A Long Goodbye to Bismarck?

A Long Goodbye to Bismarck?
The Politics of Welfare Reforms in Continental Europe

by Bruno Palier

  • Publisher : Amsterdam University Press
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 455
  • ISBN : 908964234X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bruno Palier is CNRS Researcher at Sciences Po Paris. --

The Transformation of Welfare States?

The Transformation of Welfare States?
A Book

by Nick Ellison

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2006-04-07
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 1134765703
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'Globalization', institutions and welfare regimes -- The challenge of globalization -- Globalization and welfare regime change -- Towards workfare? : changing labour market policies -- Labour market policies in social democratic and continental regimes -- Population ageing, GEPs and changing pensions systems -- Pensions policies in continental and social regimes -- Conclusion : welfare regimes in a liberalizing world.