International Influence Beyond Conditionality

International Influence Beyond Conditionality
Postcommunist Europe after EU enlargement

by Rachel A. Epstein,Ulrich Sedelmeier

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-09-13
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 1317989872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The European Union’s (EU) membership conditionality has been perceived as a highly effective means of influence on non-member states in the run-up to the 2004 and 2007 enlargements. According to the incentive-based explanation that dominates the literature, conditionality has been particularly effective when the EU offered a credible membership incentive and when governments did not consider the domestic costs of compliance threatening to their hold on power. This volume challenges much of the existing work on EU enlargement and postcommunist transition, however, by testing the conditionality thesis in the post-accession setting. Whereas a conditionality hypothesis would predict deteriorating compliance among the newest member states, several contributions here actually find the opposite. Enduring compliance among postcommunist states with the acquis, as well as with less formally institutionalized EU preferences for economic liberalization and minority protection, calls into question the role that conditionality plays in eliciting conformity. Simultaneously, support for the conditionality hypothesis in areas such as political party development and EU relations with Turkey and the western Balkans suggests conditionality’s effects vary across countries and issues. As the first study to systematically examine the relationship between international institutions and postcommunist states after enlargement, this volume provides new insights into how external actors exercise their power in domestic politics. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

International Influence Beyond Conditionality

International Influence Beyond Conditionality
Postcommunist Europe after EU enlargement

by Rachel A. Epstein,Ulrich Sedelmeier

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-09-13
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 1317989880
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The European Union’s (EU) membership conditionality has been perceived as a highly effective means of influence on non-member states in the run-up to the 2004 and 2007 enlargements. According to the incentive-based explanation that dominates the literature, conditionality has been particularly effective when the EU offered a credible membership incentive and when governments did not consider the domestic costs of compliance threatening to their hold on power. This volume challenges much of the existing work on EU enlargement and postcommunist transition, however, by testing the conditionality thesis in the post-accession setting. Whereas a conditionality hypothesis would predict deteriorating compliance among the newest member states, several contributions here actually find the opposite. Enduring compliance among postcommunist states with the acquis, as well as with less formally institutionalized EU preferences for economic liberalization and minority protection, calls into question the role that conditionality plays in eliciting conformity. Simultaneously, support for the conditionality hypothesis in areas such as political party development and EU relations with Turkey and the western Balkans suggests conditionality’s effects vary across countries and issues. As the first study to systematically examine the relationship between international institutions and postcommunist states after enlargement, this volume provides new insights into how external actors exercise their power in domestic politics. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

EU Influence Beyond Conditionality

EU Influence Beyond Conditionality
Turkey Plus/Minus the EU

by Mario Zucconi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-09-03
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN : 3030255603
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents an in-depth analysis of the role played by the EU accession process in Turkey’s democratic evolution and in the empowerment of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in the early 2000s. Often moving against the grain of consolidated analytical positions, the author finds that the accession process can have a critical impact on the political evolution and institutional setting of an aspiring member state that goes well beyond the simple Europeanization process (or EU accession conditionality). In the case of Turkey, that process created the essential conditions and environment for the country’s political modernization by helping the emergence of a “periphery” (including Kurds, “conservative” Muslims and non-Muslims) that secularism had pushed into a marginal, secondary status in Turkish society. Turkey’s gradual evolution in an authoritarian direction, following the stalling of the EU accession process, offers further proof of the decisive role that the EU accession can play in a country’s democratic advancement. The book additionally indicates how Turkey’s EU-driven democratic evolution for a number of years had important implications in terms of regional and global order.

European Enlargement across Rounds and Beyond Borders

European Enlargement across Rounds and Beyond Borders
A Book

by Haakon A. Ikonomou,Aurélie Andry,Rebekka Byberg

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-03-16
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 131545999X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Enlargement has been an almost constant part of European integration history – going from an improvised exercise to the EU’s most developed foreign policy tool. However, neither the longevity nor the complexity of enlargement has been properly historicised. European Enlargement across Rounds and Beyond Borders offers three interdisciplinary, innovative, and indeed radical, new ways of understanding and analysing EC/EU enlargements: first, tracing Longue Durée developments; second, investigating enlargement Beyond the Road to Membership; and third, exploring the Entangled Exchanges and synergies between the EC/EU and its outside. This edited volume will provide fresh perspectives on enlargement as one of the defining processes in Europe in the second half of the 20th century: How are we to understand enlargement as a policy? How has it changed the EU? What is the historical role of the British press in shaping the UK’s visions of Europe? How has enlargement played into Russia’s relationship with today’s EU? Giving answers to these questions, and many more, this volume wishes to spark a broad debate about the roots, range, and repercussions of enlargement, and how historians, and other scholars, should engage with it. This publication will be of key interest to scholars and students of modern European history and politics, the European integration process, EU studies, and more broadly multilateral international institutions, history, law and the social sciences.

Beyond the Established Legal Orders

Beyond the Established Legal Orders
Policy Interconnections between the EU and the Rest of the World

by Malcolm Evans,Panos Koutrakos

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2011-04-19
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 1847316468
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A lively debate on the constitutionalisation of the international legal order has emerged in recent years. A similar debate has also taken place within the European Union. This book complements that debate, exploring the underlying realities that the moves towards constitutionalism seek to address. It does this by focusing on the substantive interconnections that the EU has developed over the years with the rest of the world, and assesses the practical impact these have both in the development of its legal order as well as in the international community. Based on papers delivered at the bi-annual EU/International Law Forum organised by the University of Bristol in March 2009, this collection of essays examines policy areas of economic governance (trade, financial services, migration, environment), political governance (human rights, criminal law, responses to financing terrorism), security governance (counter-terrorism, use of force, non-proliferation), and the issue of the emergence of European and global values. How are these areas shaped by the interaction between EU law and other legal orders and polities? In what ways does the EU impact on other transnational legal systems? And how are its own rules and principles shaped by such systems? These questions are addressed in the light of the specific legal and political context within which the EU pursues its policies by interacting with the rest of the world.

The European Union's Democratization Policy for Central Asia

The European Union's Democratization Policy for Central Asia
Failed in Success or Succeeded in Failure?

by Vera Axyonova

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2014-10-01
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 3838266943
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Turkey and the European Union

Turkey and the European Union
Facing New Challenges and Opportunities

by Firat Cengiz,Lars Hoffmann

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-12-04
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 1134074557
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent years, Turkey has become an ever more important actor on the international stage. However, Turkey-EU relations still remain in a state of flux. The EU and Turkey seem to have moved apart in their political aspirations after Turkey’s EU accession talks faced a stalemate over the Republic of Cyprus’ EU accession as a divided island. Likewise, both Turkey and the EU have recently faced new socio-political realities, such as the Eurozone crisis, the Arab Spring and the Turkish government’s shifting foreign policy towards the Middle East region. Such developments have rendered EU membership potentially a less desirable prospect for an increasingly self-confident Turkey. In light of these recent events, this book explores the evolving challenges and opportunities facing the more than 50-year old Turkey-EU relationship. This volume focuses particularly on the role of the Cyprus issue, the potential for closer Turkey-EU cooperation in the aftermath of the Arab Spring, the impact on Turkish citizens and politics, as well as the concept of Europeanization, especially in relation to Turkey’s democratic reform process. In drawing together perspectives from the disciplines of international relations, political science and law, this book offers a unique, interdisciplinary outlook towards the changing role of Europe in Turkey’s political discourse. This book will be of interest to researchers and students of Turkey-EU relations, EU external relations Law, Europeanization and Turkish and Middle Eastern politics.

Policy Experiments, Failures and Innovations

Policy Experiments, Failures and Innovations
Beyond Accession in Central and Eastern Europe

by Agnes Batory,Andrew Cartwright,Diane Stone

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1785367498
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Policy Experiments, Failures and Innovations takes a policy studies perspective in considering post-communist EU member states’ experiences since accession. The book analyses policy transfer processes and expands the new and growing sub-field of policy failure by interrogating the binary ideas of ‘failure’ and ‘success’ in the context of the Central Eastern European (CEE) transition, democratic consolidation and European Union membership.

Policy-Making in the European Union

Policy-Making in the European Union
A Book

by Helen Wallace,Mark A. Pollack,Christilla Roederer-Rynning,Alasdair R. Young

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2020-11-02
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 0198807600
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The eighth edition of Policy-Making in the European Union provides students and scholars with a strong understanding of the processes and institutions involved in EU policy-making. In particular, it assesses policy-making in a more politicized context and in light of Brexit.

Democracy, Federalism, the European Revolution, and Global Governance

Democracy, Federalism, the European Revolution, and Global Governance
A Book

by Andrea Bosco

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2020-06-10
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 1527554457
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The European Union is facing today the greatest crisis since its creation. Brexit could mean not only the reversal of its steady enlargement—from 6 to 28 member states—but also the beginning of an inexorable decline leading to its disintegration. However, few today seem to recollect that it was precisely the British who were the first to promulgate the political culture which inspired the European Union’s construction—democracy and federalism—and the first who tried to realise, in June 1940, a European federation on the basis of an Anglo-French union. This volume traces the fundamental stages of the European unification process, placing it in relation to the wider process of world economic and political integration. In particular, it analyses the historical significance of the European Revolution, which is identified in the overcoming of the nation state—namely the modern political formula which institutionalised the political division of mankind—and the birth of the first truly international state. The universal historical significance of the European Revolution lies in its exportability—as for the other great European revolutions—and, therefore, its potential as progressively extensible to all the states of the planet. Europe was indeed the first region of the world where the barriers between national states fell, and a post-national political identity emerged, complementary to national political identities. It is, in fact, in the context of the European Union that democracy beyond the borders of the nation state has first been realized, constituting a guiding principle for global governance.

The European Union

The European Union
How Does it Work?

by Elizabeth Bomberg,John Peterson,Richard Corbett

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 0199570809
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Now in its third edition, The European Union: How Does it Work? demystifies the European Union's structures and operation, providing a concise, engaging, and accessible introduction ideal for students with no background in the subject. Bringing together an exceptional collection of work--by practitioners who have worked or currently work in the EU's institutions and by leading scholars and academics--this volume cuts through the complexity to explain how the EU really works and why it matters. Innovative pedagogical tools--including "How it Really Works" and "Compared to What" boxes--help guide students through the material. A Companion Website offers multiple-choice questions, a timeline of key events, relevant links, and an interactive map for students. It also provides seminar questions and activities and PowerPoint-based presentations for instructors. New to this Edition: * Revised and updated throughout in light of the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty and the effects of the financial crisis on the Eurozone * New coeditor Richard Corbett, former Member of the European Parliament, has ensured that the anthology continues to include a practitioner's perspective * Three new chapters: 6. How Policies are Made, 7. Democracy, and 9. The EU as a Security Actor

The European Union

The European Union
How Does it Work?

by Daniel Kenealy,John Peterson,Richard Corbett

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN : 0199685371
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The European Union: How does it work? is the perfect introduction to the EU's structure and operations for those coming to the subject for the first time. An expert team of scholars and practitioners cut through the complexity to explain how the EU works in practice, and equip students withthe knowledge and skills they need to master the subject. The fourth edition of this successful textbook reflects the ongoing changes in the EU in the aftermath of the Eurozone crises, and the global context in which the EU exists. It also features expanded coverage of theories of European integration and policy making, and considers the hugely topicaldebate about the UK's future in the EU.

Limits to Democratic Constitutionalism in Central and Eastern Europe

Limits to Democratic Constitutionalism in Central and Eastern Europe
A Book

by Bogusia Puchalska

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-05-06
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 1317104978
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book, Bogusia Puchalska develops an original theory of democratic constitutionalism and uses it to support the argument that constitution-making and law-making in constitutional moments should be politically, and not just constitutionally, legitimate. In doing so she expertly assesses the potential implications of the prospects of democratic consolidation and constitutionalism in Poland after 1989 and asks whether it is likely to be applicable to other transition countries such as Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia. This original and informative book should be read by all curious to understand how the democratic learning and the foundations of grass-root constitutionalism might have been damaged in post-communist countries.

The EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy

The EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy
The Quest for Democracy

by Helene Sjursen

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-09-13
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 1135707197
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reorients the study of European foreign and security policy towards the question of democracy. Blending insights from international relations and democratic theory, it aims to enhance our understanding of the issues at stake. The main structures, the institutional setting and the procedures that govern decision-making in this domain are examined. In this way, the book supplements studies with a more traditional focus on the substance of foreign policy. What are the democratic challenges in this distinct field of policy-making? The Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) of the European Union (EU) is usually assumed to be intergovernmental. Contributors to this book examine the extent to which a move beyond intergovernmentalism has taken place, how this manifests itself, and what may be the democratic implications. While the EU’s international outlook testifies to a quest for democracy, the institutions and procedures that govern decision-making are found wanting. This book was originally published as a special issue of Journal of European Public Policy.

EU Socio-Economic Governance in Central and Eastern Europe

EU Socio-Economic Governance in Central and Eastern Europe
The European Semester and National Employment Policies

by Mario Munta

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-04-20
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 1000380564
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book investigates to what extent and how the European Semester impacts on national employment policy in four EU member states of the Central and Eastern European (CEE) region. Using an original theoretical and methodological framework, and based on empirical evidence from extensive interviews with experts in the field, this book examines the relation between EU preferences, exemplified by the yearly list of country-specific recommendations, and national policy responses to EU suggestions, tracing the extent to which policy change can be attributed to the influence of the European Semester. It extracts three potential mechanisms of European Semester influence on policy change: External pressure, mutual learning and creative appropriation and identifies key contributing and inhibiting factors. The book provides several policy recommendations regarding the organisation and workings of the European Semester process. This text will be of key interest to students, academics and practitioners in European and EU politics, EU socio-economic governance, EU social policy, European integration, soft Europeanization and the Europeanization of Central and Eastern Europe.

The European Neighbourhood Policy in Perspective

The European Neighbourhood Policy in Perspective
Context, Implementation and Impact

by R. Whitman,S. Wolff

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2010-04-09
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 0230292283
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contributors offer new approaches to the study of the European Neighbourhood Policy. While the main emphasis is on the empirical assessment of the impact that the ENP has had to-date and on the factors that have shaped its implementation, it also provides new theoretical and methodological perspectives on how to study this policy area.

The European Union's Foreign Economic Policies

The European Union's Foreign Economic Policies
A Principal-Agent Perspective

by Andreas Dür,Manfred Elsig

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-01-02
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 1317985044
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The European Union is a key actor in international economic governance. Through its foreign economic policies it plays a central role in the negotiation of international trade agreements, the global regulation of the financial services sector, and the provision of aid to developing countries. This book shows how principal-agent theory can be used to shed new light on this complex of policy areas. In particular, the contributions to this volume analyze delegation, control, and agent strategies in a variety of principal-agent relationships shaping the EU’s foreign economic policies: mainly those involving interest groups and governments; governments and the European Commission; and the European Union and international organizations. The chapters, written by leading experts in the field, offer empirically-rich studies of various areas of the EU’s external economic relations including trade, financial regulation, accounting standards and global regulation through the G7/G8. The book is aimed at researchers and advanced students interested in the EU, international economic relations, and principal-agent theory. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

The European Union as a Global Regulator?

The European Union as a Global Regulator?
A Book

by Alasdair Young

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-10-02
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 1317360370
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The European Union is often depicted as a dominant global regulator. The purpose of this volume is to move beyond establishing that the EU influences global regulation to being to identify under what conditions it exerts that influence. Toward that end, it focuses on the EU's active efforts, both bilateral and multilateral, to shape regulations beyond its borders. The empirical chapters in this volume are explicitly comparative, among foreign partners, across international contexts, over time, and across issues. The more conceptual contributions posit an explanation for the EU’s choice of regulatory cooperation strategy and take stock of Market Power Europe as a dynamic conceptual framework for understanding and researching the EU as a power. Collectively, this volume advances three arguments: the utility of the EU’s regulatory power resources is context specific; debates about what kind of power the EU is, at least as currently conceived, are unproductive; and that the EU’s engagement in the world is better explained through general theories of international political economy. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

Fiascos in Public Policy and Foreign Policy

Fiascos in Public Policy and Foreign Policy
A Book

by Kai Oppermann,Alexander Spencer

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-04-19
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 1315461552
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The collection brings together scholars from Public Policy and Foreign Policy to address the theme of policy fiascos. So far research on failure and fiascos in both Public Policy and Foreign Policy has existed independent of each other with very little communication between the two sub-disciplines. The contributions aims to bridge this divide and bring the two sides into a dialogue on some of the central issues in the study of fiascos including how to define, identify and measure policy failure (and success); the social and political contestation about what counts as policy fiascos; the causes of policy fiascos and their consequences; the attribution of blame; as well as processes of learning from fiascos. A common theme of the collection will be to explore different epistemological and methodological approaches to studying policy fiascos. The volume appeals to scholars and practitioners interested in policy failures and fiascos both within and among states and other international actors. This book was previously published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

Europe’s Place in Global Financial Governance after the Crisis

Europe’s Place in Global Financial Governance after the Crisis
A Book

by Daniel Mügge

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-03-31
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 1317621786
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the years leading up the global financial crisis, the European Union (EU) had emerged as a central actor in global financial governance, almost rivalling the United States in influence. While the USA and the EU continue to dominate financial rule setting in the post-crisis world, the context in which they do so has changed dramatically. Pre-crisis ideas about laissez-faire regulation have been discarded in favour of more interventionist ones. The G20 and the Financial Stability Board have been charged with stronger coordination of global efforts. At the same time, jurisdictions have re-emphasized the need "to get their own regulatory house in order" before committing to further global harmonization. And through banks failures and massive bail-outs, the financial sector – hitherto a driving force behind the cross-border integration of finance – has been reconfigured. This book asks a straightforward question: what have these and other key post-crisis trends in global finance done to the position that the European Union occupies in it? The contributions to this book analyse the link between financial governance in the European Union and on the global level from diverse theoretical angles, and they cover the main issues that will shape the future European role on the global regulatory stage. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.